Methods and apparatus for concentrating light into a specified focal volume and for collecting light from a specified volume. Incident light is coupled through a plurality of successive transmissive asymmetric microstructure elements. The succession of transmissive asymmetric microstructure elements may be designed by representing an electromagnetic field as a linear combination of eigenmodes of one of the succession of transmissive asymmetric microstructure elements. The asymmetric microstructure elements are represented as a plurality of mesh lattice units and eigenmode solutions to Maxwell's equations are obtained for each mesh lattice unit subject to consistent boundary conditions. S-matrix formalism is employed to calculate a field output and weighting coefficients for the eigenmodes are selected to achieve a specified set of field output characteristics.
|Original language||English (US)|
|U.S. patent number||10416383|
|State||Published - Sep 17 2019|