Spatial and socioeconomic inequalities in the availability of community health centres in the jakarta region, Indonesia

Fikriyah Winata, Sara L. McLafferty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the late 1960s, Indonesia established community health centres (CHCs) throughout the country to provide basic healthcare services for the poor. However, CHC expenditures and investments vary widely at the sub-provincial level, among administrative areas known as cities and regencies, raising concern that facilities and services do not correspond to population needs. This study aimed to examine spatial and socioeconomic inequalities in the availability of CHCs in the Jakarta region. We used spatial and statistical analysis methods at the village level to investigate these inequalities based on CHC data from the Ministry of Health and socioeconomic data from Indonesia Statistics. Results show that CHCs and the healthcare workers within them are unevenly dis tributed. In areas with high need, the availability of CHCs and healthcare workers were found to be low. There is a mismatch in healthcare services and delivery for low-income, unemployed populations at the village level that needs to be addressed. The findings discussed in this paper suggest that Jakarta Department of Health should coordinate with local public health districts to determine locations for new CHCs and assign healthcare workers to each CHC based on need as this would improve access to essential health services for the low-income population. nly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number982
JournalGeospatial Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 19 2021


  • Community health centres
  • Healthcare workers
  • Indonesia. mm
  • Jakarta
  • Socioeconomic inequality
  • Spatial analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Health Policy
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Spatial and socioeconomic inequalities in the availability of community health centres in the jakarta region, Indonesia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this