Soybean protein solubility in potassium hydroxide: an in vitro test of in vivo protein quality.

C. M. Parsons, K. Hashimoto, K. J. Wedekind, D. H. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Experiments were conducted to assess protein solubility in .2% KOH as an indicator of soybean protein quality for chicks and pigs and to assess effects of particle size on protein solubility. As the particle size (micron) of soybean meal (SBM) increased, protein solubility (%) decreased (b = -.0206). In two 9-d chick trials, dehulled SBM (48% CP) was subjected to various autoclaving times and then fed as the sole source of dietary protein to young chicks. Increasing autoclaving times from 0 to 40 min at 120 degrees C resulted in a quadratic decrease in protein solubility. A broken-line model was fitted wherein gain:feed of chicks was plotted as a function of protein solubility. The analysis showed no reduction in feed efficiency with solubilities greater than 59 +/- 1.5% (mean +/- SEM). When solubility was below 59%, however, gain:feed decreased 1.5% for each 1% decrease in protein solubility. The third trial (13 d) was conducted with 7.5-kg pigs fed autoclaved SBM (44% CP) as the primary source of protein. Feed efficiency was significantly decreased when protein solubility was less than 66%. This study showed that protein solubility in KOH was a good index of in vivo soybean protein quality, and that it is important to standardize SBM particle size when applying the KOH assay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2918-2924
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of animal science
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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