Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO2] or temperature in growth chambers or in the field

Anna M. Locke, Lawren Sack, Carl J. Bernacchi, Donald R. Ort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and AimsLeaf hydraulic properties are strongly linked with transpiration and photosynthesis in many species. However, it is not known if gas exchange and hydraulics will have co-ordinated responses to climate change. The objective of this study was to investigate the responses of leaf hydraulic conductance (Kleaf) in Glycine max (soybean) to growth at elevated [CO2] and increased temperature compared with the responses of leaf gas exchange and leaf water status.MethodsTwo controlled-environment growth chamber experiments were conducted with soybean to measure Kleaf, stomatal conductance (gs) and photosynthesis (A) during growth at elevated [CO2] and temperature relative to ambient levels. These results were validated with field experiments on soybean grown under free-air elevated [CO2] (FACE) and canopy warming.Key resultsIn chamber studies, Kleaf did not acclimate to growth at elevated [CO 2], even though stomatal conductance decreased and photosynthesis increased. Growth at elevated temperature also did not affect Kleaf, although gs and A showed significant but inconsistent decreases. The lack of response of Kleaf to growth at increased [CO2] and temperature in chamber-grown plants was confirmed with field-grown soybean at a FACE facility.ConclusionsLeaf hydraulic and leaf gas exchange responses to these two climate change factors were not strongly linked in soybean, although gs responded to [CO2] and increased temperature as previously reported. This differential behaviour could lead to an imbalance between hydraulic supply and transpiration demand under extreme environmental conditions likely to become more common as global climate continues to change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)911-918
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of botany
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2013


  • Glycine max
  • Leaf hydraulic conductance
  • climate change
  • elevated CO
  • soybean
  • temperature
  • water potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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