Soybean hulls as a dietary fiber source for dogs

J. T. Cole, G. C. Fahey, N. R. Merchen, A. R. Patil, S. M. Murray, H. S. Hussein, J. L. Brent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In Exp. 1, soybean hull samples were obtained from nine sources across the United States and analyzed for nutrient content to determine their suitability for inclusion in dog diets. Compositional data revealed variation in both the amount of total dietary fiber (TDF; 63.8 to 81.2%) in the soybean hulls and the ratio of insoluble:soluble fiber (5.0:1 to 15.4:1). Crude protein content varied widely among sources, ranging from 9.2 to 18.7%. An in vivo trial (Exp. 2) was conducted using a premium dog diet containing 3.0, 4.5, 6.0, 7.5, or 9.0% soybean hulls (DM basis). There was a negative linear effect (P < .05) of soybean hull inclusion in the diet on DM, OM, TDF, and GE total-tract digestibilities, as well as on calculated ME. Crude protein and fat digestibilities were unaffected by treatment. Based on these results, ileally cannulated dogs were fed diets containing 6.0, 7.5, or 9.0% soybean hulls (DM basis) in addition to diets containing either 0% supplemental fiber or 7.5% beet pulp (Exp. 3). Nutrient digestion at the ileum was unaffected by inclusion of supplemental fiber. Total tract digestion of DM, OM, and GE was lower (P < .05) for diets containing supplemental fiber when compared with the diet containing 0% fiber. Crude protein and fat digestibilities were unaffected by treatment. There was no difference in nutrient digestibility between those diets containing soybean hulls and a diet containing beet pulp. Soybean hull inclusion in the diet resulted in a negative linear effect (P < .05) on calculated ME, in addition to lowering ME (P < .05) when compared with the 0% fiber control diet. Calculated ME for dogs fed a 7.5% beet pulp-containing diet was lower (P < .05) than that for dogs fed the soybean hull-containing diets. Results indicate that soybean hulls can be an effective dietary fiber source in dog diets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)917-924
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1999

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Digestibility
  • Dogs
  • Fiber
  • Metabolizable Energy
  • Soybean Husks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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  • Cite this

    Cole, J. T., Fahey, G. C., Merchen, N. R., Patil, A. R., Murray, S. M., Hussein, H. S., & Brent, J. L. (1999). Soybean hulls as a dietary fiber source for dogs. Journal of animal science, 77(4), 917-924. https://doi.org/10.2527/1999.774917x