Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) cultivar tolerance to sulfentrazone

A. G. Hulting, L. M. Wax, R. L. Nelson, F. W. Simmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sulfentrazone has excellent soil activity on many small-seeded broadleaf weeds, however, soybean injury in field experiments has been noted under certain environmental conditions. Injury levels in these field experiments have appeared to differ in severity among soybean cultivars. Growth chamber studies were initiated with the objective of examining the suspected differences in tolerance among soybean cultivars. Over 40 soybean cultivars, selected from the USDA Soybean Germplasm Collection, were tested for tolerance to sulfentrazone. The soybean cultivars were grown under constant conditions in a growth chamber in a soil mix treated with sulfentrazone at 0.28 kg ai ha-1 preemergence. Ratings of plant injury and measurement of height and biomass reduction were made 14 days after treatment and compared to the respective untreated check plants of each cultivar. Notable differences in tolerance to sulfentrazone across the cultivars were observed. The cultivars were divided into three groups based on plant response and classified as having either high, medium, or low tolerance to sulfentrazone. Results of this study suggest that cultivar selection may lower the risk of early season injury to soybean and potential yield reductions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-683
Number of pages5
JournalCrop Protection
Volume20
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Herbicide tolerance
  • Plant breeding
  • Protoporphyrinogen oxidase
  • Soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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