Aluminum has been reported to have a remarkably strong effect on the thermoelastic properties of MgSiO3 perovskite. However, the sound velocities of aluminous MgSiO3 perovskite have not been previously measured, even though this phase likely dominates most of the chemistry in Earth's lower mantle. Here we report the first sound velocity measurements on aluminous MgSiO3 perovskite using Brillouin spectroscopy and obtain the following values for the room-pressure room-temperature adiabatic bulk and shear moduli: Ks = 252 ± 5 GPa and μ = 165 ± 2 GPa, respectively. The presence of 5.1 ± 0.2 wt.% A12O3 in MgSiO3 perovskite decreases the shear modulus by 5.6%. However, within experimental uncertainties, there is no discernable effect of aluminum on the bulk modulus. We find that variations in the aluminum content Of MgSiO3 perovskite may provide an explanation for some observed lateral heterogeneity in Earth's lower mantle.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)