## Abstract

The authors present three methods (with increasing complexity) of incorporating the gap capacitance of the probe basis into the input impedance calculation of a probe-fed antenna. They are the variational formula, the mode-matching method, and the mode-matching method with a diaphragm. It is noted that in the previous approach the gap capacitance of the probe base that shunts the input impedance of the microstrip antenna is not included in the input impedance. Under the single-mode approximation, the mode-matching methods are identical to the variational formula. However, when a diaphragm is present, the single-mode approximation is insufficient. Therefore, the variational formula is inaccurate when a diaphragm exists. The theory shows that the effect of the gap capacitance at the coaxial aperture on the input impedance of the microstrip antenna is important when the dielectric substrate is thick. The theories agree well with experiment data with no fudge factors.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 346-349 |

Number of pages | 4 |

Journal | IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society, AP-S International Symposium (Digest) |

Volume | 1 |

State | Published - 1990 |

Event | 1990 Antennas and Propagation Symposium Digest - Dallas, TX, USA Duration: May 7 1990 → May 11 1990 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Electrical and Electronic Engineering