Some aspects of chaotic and stochastic dynamics for structural systems

N. Sri Namachchivaya, M. M. Doyle, N. Malhotra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, the bifurcation behaviour of an externally excited four-dimensional nonlinear system is examined. Throughout this paper, a two-degree-of-freedom shallow arch structure under either a periodic or a stochastic excitation will be considered. For the case when the excitation is periodic, the local and global behaviour is examined in the presence of principal subharmonic resonance and 1:2 internal resonance. The method of averaging is used to obtain the first order approximation of the response of the system under resonant conditions. A standard Melnikov type perturbation method is used to show analytically that the system may exhibit chaotic dynamics in the sense of Smale horseshoe for the 1:2 internal resonance case in the absence of dissipation. In the case of stochastic excitation, the stability of the stationary solution is examined by determining the maximal Lyapunov exponent and moment Lyapunov exponent in terms of system parameters. An asymptotic method is used to obtain explicit expressions for various exponents in the presence of weak dissipation and noise intensity. These quantities provide almost-sure stability boundaries in parameter space. When the system parameters lie outside these boundaries, it is essential to understand the nonlinear behaviour. The method of stochastic averaging is applied to obtain a set of approximate Itô equations which are then examined to describe the local bifurcation behaviour.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-613
Number of pages31
Issue number2-4
StatePublished - Apr 1995


  • Lyapunov exponent
  • Melnikov analysis
  • Nonlinear dynamics
  • arch structures
  • global stochastic bifurcations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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