Solidification and particle entrapment during continuous casting of steel

C. Pfeiler, B. G. Thomas, M. Wu, A. Ludwig, A. Kharicha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Avoiding particle entrapment into the solidifying shell of a steel continuous caster is important to improve the quality of the continuous cast product. Therefore, the fluid flow dynamics in the steel melt and mushy zone, heat transfer and solidification of the steel shell, as well as the motion and entrapment of inclusion particles during the casting process were investigated using computational models. Solidification of the strand shell is modelled with an enthalpy-formulation by assuming a columnar morphology in the mushy zone. The motion of particles is tracked with a Lagrangian approach. When the particles reach the solidification front, they can be entrapped/engulfed into the solid shell or pushed away from the solidification front, depending on the mushy zone morphology and the forces acting on them. The current paper focuses on the mould region at a steel continuous caster, including the submerged entry nozzle (SEN) and 1.2 m length of the strand. The results are validated with plant measurements and demonstrate the potential of the model to predict fluid flow, shell growth and the positions and the amount of entrapped/engulfed particles in the solidifying strand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)599-607
Number of pages9
JournalSteel Research International
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Continuous casting
  • Entrapment
  • Inclusions
  • Latent heat
  • Mould
  • Particle
  • Solidification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Solidification and particle entrapment during continuous casting of steel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this