Ubiquinone (Coenzyme Q) plays an important role in the mitochondrial respiratory chain and also acts as an antioxidant in its reduced form, protecting cellular membranes from peroxidation. De novo disulfide bond generation in the E. coli periplasm involves a transient complex consisting of DsbA, DsbB, and ubiquinone (UQ). It is hypothesized that a charge-transfer complex intermediate is formed between the UQ ring and the DsbB-C44 thiolate during the reoxidation of DsbA, which gives a distinctive ∼500 nm absorbance band. No enzymological precedent exists for an UQ-protein thiolate charge-transfer complex, and definitive evidence of this unique reaction pathway for DsbB has not been fully demonstrated. In order to study the UQ-8-DsbB complex in the presence of native lipids, we have prepared isotopically labeled samples of precipitated DsbB (WT and C41S) with endogenous UQ-8 and lipids, and we have applied advanced multidimensional solid-state NMR methods. Double-quantum filter and dipolar dephasing experiments facilitated assignments of UQ isoprenoid chain resonances not previously observed and headgroup sites important for the characterization of the UQ redox states: methyls (∼20 ppm), methoxys (∼60 ppm), olefin carbons (120-140 ppm), and carbonyls (150-160 ppm). Upon increasing the DsbB(C41S) pH from 5.5 to 8.0, we observed a 10.8 ppm upfield shift for the UQ C1 and C4 carbonyls indicating an increase of electron density on the carbonyls. This observation is consistent with the deprotonation of the DsbB-C44 thiolate at pH 8.0 and provides direct evidence of the charge-transfer complex formation. A similar trend was noted for the UQ chemical shifts of the DsbA(C33S)-DsbB(WT) heterodimer, confirming that the charge-transfer complex is unperturbed by the DsbB(C41S) mutant used to mimic the intermediate state of the disulfide bond generating reaction pathway.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry