Software Citation in Theory and Practice

Daniel S. Katz, Neil P. Chue Hong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In most fields, computational models and data analysis have become a significant part of how research is performed, in addition to the more traditional theory and experiment. Mathematics is no exception to this trend. While the system of publication and credit for theory and experiment (journals and books, often monographs) has developed and has become an expected part of the culture, how research is shared and how candidates for hiring, promotion are evaluated, software (and data) do not have the same history. A group working as part of the FORCE11 community developed a set of principles for software citation that fit software into the journal citation system, allow software to be published and then cited, and there are now over 50,000 DOIs that have been issued for software. However, some challenges remain, including: promoting the idea of software citation to developers and users; collaborating with publishers to ensure that systems collect and retain required metadata; ensuring that the rest of the scholarly infrastructure, particularly indexing sites, include software; working with communities so that software efforts “count”; and understanding how best to cite software that has not been published.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMathematical Software – ICMS 2018 - 6th International Conference, Proceedings
EditorsJames H. Davenport, George Labahn, Josef Urban, Manuel Kauers
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783319964171
StatePublished - 2018
Event6th International Conference on Mathematical Software, ICMS 2018 - South Bend, United States
Duration: Jul 24 2018Jul 27 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume10931 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Other6th International Conference on Mathematical Software, ICMS 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySouth Bend


  • Bibliometrics
  • Credit
  • Software citation
  • Software identifiers
  • Software metadata
  • Software repositories

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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