Social Policies, Personal and Regional Income Inequality in Brazil: An I-O Analysis

Carlos R. Azzoni, Joaquim J.M. Guilhoto, Eduardo A. Haddad, Geoffrey J.D. Hewings, Marco Antônio Laes, Guilherme R.C. Moreira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The aim of regional policy is the attainment of a more efficient and/or equitable interregional distribution of economic activity (Temple 1994). Haddad (1999) has demonstrated that in the last 20 years or so Brazil has undergone deep structural changes that have been responsible for the setback in the process of polarization reversal in the economy. After 1988, with the new constitution, the central government was hampered in advancing its regional policy agenda by a profound loss of revenues to the state and county governments. Nevertheless, the fiscal crisis reached all levels of government, decreasing their financial capability for carrying out new investment ventures. One of the major consequences has been the paucity of investment in economic infrastructure, especially transportation; this lack of investment has contributed to increasing the average cost of production. Therefore, producers’ costs increased since they faced inefficient mechanisms for trade and transportation, many of which lagged technologically.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBrazil Under Lula
Subtitle of host publicationEconomy, Politics, and Society under the Worker-President
EditorsJoseph L Love, Werner Baer
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Pages243-261
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9780230618374
ISBN (Print)9780230608160
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 5 2009

Keywords

  • Regional Policy
  • Economic Infrastructure
  • Fiscal Crisis
  • Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis
  • Presidential Election

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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