Sn-induced surface modification of EUV plasma-facing collector mirrors

Jean P. Allain, Ahmed Hassanein, Martin Nieto, Vladimir Titov, Perry Plotkin, Edward Hinson, Daniel Rokusek, Christopher Chrobak, Matthew Hendricks, William Klimowych

Research output: ResearchConference contribution

Abstract

Generation of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) light for nanolithography requires the use of hot, dense plasmas. Gas discharge produced plasma (GDPP) and laser produced plasma (LPP) are the primary configurations used to generate these plasmas, The in-band EUV spectrum composes about 1% of the total light generated and efficient collection requires the use of thin-film grazing incidence mirrors or near-normal incidence multi-layer mirrors for GDPP and LPP, respectively. Both GDPP and LPP collector mirror systems face serious issues regarding lifetime and EUV light reflectivity performance. For both configurations debris, fast ions, fast neutrals, and condensable EUV radiator fuels (Li, Sn) interact with nearby collector mirrors, Sn, in particular is used due to its high conversion efficiency in the 13.5-nm in-band spectrum. In addition to debris, collector mirrors are exposed to impurities (H,C,O,N), off-band radiation (depositing heat) and highly-charged ions leading to their degradation and consequently limiting 13.5 nm light reflection intensity. This work presents results of Ru and Rh-based collector optics irradiated by Sn ions at 1.3 keV and exposed to Sn thermal atoms at room temperature. In-situ metrology monitors the effects of ion implantation on ion-induced erosion and EUV reflectivity changes using low-energy ion scattering spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Results find that Sn implants at the first few monolayers leading to a mixed layer near the surface. Sn thermal atoms deposit on top of the mirror surface leading to 10-20% loss of collector mirror EUV light reflectivity.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGrowth, Modification and Analysis by Ion Beams at the Nanoscale
Pages61-67
Number of pages7
Volume908
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
Event2005 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Nov 28 2005Dec 2 2005

Other

Other2005 MRS Fall Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period11/28/0512/2/05

Fingerprint

accumulators
mirrors
Surface treatment
Ions
Plasmas
Facings
Laser produced plasmas
Mirrors
Gases
Ultraviolet Rays
Discharge (fluid mechanics)
ions
gas discharges
laser plasmas
ultraviolet radiation
reflectance
Atoms
Debris
Hot Temperature
debris

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Allain, J. P., Hassanein, A., Nieto, M., Titov, V., Plotkin, P., Hinson, E., ... Klimowych, W. (2005). Sn-induced surface modification of EUV plasma-facing collector mirrors. In Growth, Modification and Analysis by Ion Beams at the Nanoscale (Vol. 908, pp. 61-67)

Sn-induced surface modification of EUV plasma-facing collector mirrors. / Allain, Jean P.; Hassanein, Ahmed; Nieto, Martin; Titov, Vladimir; Plotkin, Perry; Hinson, Edward; Rokusek, Daniel; Chrobak, Christopher; Hendricks, Matthew; Klimowych, William.

Growth, Modification and Analysis by Ion Beams at the Nanoscale. Vol. 908 2005. p. 61-67.

Research output: ResearchConference contribution

Allain, JP, Hassanein, A, Nieto, M, Titov, V, Plotkin, P, Hinson, E, Rokusek, D, Chrobak, C, Hendricks, M & Klimowych, W 2005, Sn-induced surface modification of EUV plasma-facing collector mirrors. in Growth, Modification and Analysis by Ion Beams at the Nanoscale. vol. 908, pp. 61-67, 2005 MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, United States, 11/28/05.
Allain JP, Hassanein A, Nieto M, Titov V, Plotkin P, Hinson E et al. Sn-induced surface modification of EUV plasma-facing collector mirrors. In Growth, Modification and Analysis by Ion Beams at the Nanoscale. Vol. 908. 2005. p. 61-67.
Allain, Jean P. ; Hassanein, Ahmed ; Nieto, Martin ; Titov, Vladimir ; Plotkin, Perry ; Hinson, Edward ; Rokusek, Daniel ; Chrobak, Christopher ; Hendricks, Matthew ; Klimowych, William. / Sn-induced surface modification of EUV plasma-facing collector mirrors. Growth, Modification and Analysis by Ion Beams at the Nanoscale. Vol. 908 2005. pp. 61-67
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