Small-angle scattering determination of the shape and localization of human cytochrome P450 embedded in a phospholipid nanodisc environment

Nicholas Skar-Gislinge, Søren A.R. Kynde, Ilia G. Denisov, Xin Ye, Ivan Lenov, Stephen G. Sligar, Lise Arleth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Membrane proteins reconstituted into phospholipid nanodiscs comprise a soluble entity accessible to solution small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) studies. It is demonstrated that using SAXS data it is possible to determine both the shape and localization of the membrane protein cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) while it is embedded in the phospholipid bilayer of a nanodisc. In order to accomplish this, a hybrid approach to analysis of small-angle scattering data was developed which combines an analytical approach to describe the multi-contrast nanodisc with a free-form bead-model description of the embedded protein. The protein shape is then reconstructed ab initio to optimally fit the data. The result of using this approach is compared with the result obtained using a rigid-body description of the CYP3A4-in-nanodisc system. Here, the CYP3A4 structure relies on detailed information from crystallographic and molecular-dynamics studies of CYP3A4. Both modelling approaches arrive at very similar solutions in which the α-helical anchor of the CYP3A4 systematically stays close to the edge of the nanodisc and with the large catalytic domain leaning over the outer edge of the nanodisc. The obtained distance between the globular domains of CYP3A4 is consistent with previously published theoretical calculations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2412-2421
Number of pages10
JournalActa Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography
Volume71
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cytochrome P450 3A4
  • Membrane proteins
  • Nanodiscs
  • Small-angle scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology

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