Skin-integrated wireless haptic interfaces for virtual and augmented reality

Xinge Yu, Zhaoqian Xie, Yang Yu, Jungyup Lee, Abraham Vazquez-Guardado, Haiwen Luan, Jasper Ruban, Xin Ning, Aadeel Akhtar, Dengfeng Li, Bowen Ji, Yiming Liu, Rujie Sun, Jingyue Cao, Qingze Huo, Yishan Zhong, Chan Mi Lee, Seung Yeop Kim, Philipp Gutruf, Changxing ZhangYeguang Xue, Qinglei Guo, Aditya Chempakasseril, Peilin Tian, Wei Lu, Ji Yoon Jeong, Yong Joon Yu, Jesse Cornman, Chee Sim Tan, Bong Hoon Kim, Kun Hyuk Lee, Xue Feng, Yonggang Huang, John A. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Traditional technologies for virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) create human experiences through visual and auditory stimuli that replicate sensations associated with the physical world. The most widespread VR and AR systems use head-mounted displays, accelerometers and loudspeakers as the basis for three-dimensional, computer-generated environments that can exist in isolation or as overlays on actual scenery. In comparison to the eyes and the ears, the skin is a relatively underexplored sensory interface for VR and AR technology that could, nevertheless, greatly enhance experiences at a qualitative level, with direct relevance in areas such as communications, entertainment and medicine1,2. Here we present a wireless, battery-free platform of electronic systems and haptic (that is, touch-based) interfaces capable of softly laminating onto the curved surfaces of the skin to communicate information via spatio-temporally programmable patterns of localized mechanical vibrations. We describe the materials, device structures, power delivery strategies and communication schemes that serve as the foundations for such platforms. The resulting technology creates many opportunities for use where the skin provides an electronically programmable communication and sensory input channel to the body, as demonstrated through applications in social media and personal engagement, prosthetic control and feedback, and gaming and entertainment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-479
Number of pages7
Issue number7783
StatePublished - Nov 21 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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