Size control of cross-linked carboxy-functionalized polystyrene particles: Four orders of magnitude of dimensional versatility

Nina M. Sekerak, Kristin M. Hutchins, Binbin Luo, Jin Gu Kang, Paul V. Braun, Qian Chen, Jeffrey S. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Synthesis of functionalized organic particles is an expanding area of exploration due to versatile potential applications including imaging agents, drug delivery vehicles, and supported synthesis. A robust, customizable method that allows modification of size, degree of cross–linking, identity of the crosslinker, and desired functionality, while retaining particle integrity would be highly advantageous. Here, we report the straightforward, versatile syntheses of cross-linked carboxy polystyrene (PS) particles ranging from 50 nm to 500 µm in diameter that retain their morphology in organic solvents. Removal of a protecting group exposed free benzoic acid groups that were readily functionalized to afford peroxide, ester, or amide moieties. The identity and density of the crosslinker were also systematically modified to alter the swelling properties of the microparticles. The particles were rigorously characterized by IR and 13C NMR spectroscopy, SEM, and optical imaging. The methods reported here provide a robust and reliable way to systematically and reproducibly synthesize functionalized cross-linked PS-based particles spanning a wide range of sizes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-210
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume101
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Cross-linking density
  • Functionalization
  • Morphology
  • Particle synthesis
  • Size control
  • Swelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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