Site-specific study of corn protein, oil, and extractable starch variability using nit spectroscopy

Mukti Singh, Marvin R Paulsen, Lei Tian, Haibo Yao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To determine variability in corn protein, oil, starch, and extractable starch, near-infrared transmission (NIT) was used on samples from 640 sub plots that were planted with two varieties at four population levels, five nitrogen levels, and two nitrogen application methods. A GLM analyses of variance indicated NIT protein content increased significantly with increases in nitrogen rate and changes in method of nitrogen application. Protein ranged from 5.7% to 11.0% over all plots and treatments. The highest protein content occurred on plots receiving 202 kg N/ha; while the lowest occurred on plots receiving no nitrogen. Oil percentages did not vary significantly with nitrogen rate and they ranged from 2.2% to 4.3%. Starch content and extractable starch decreased significantly as nitrogen rate increased. Extractable starch ranged from 63.4% to 72.1%. The highest extractable starch level of 72.1% occurred on the plots with no nitrogen application; while the lowest extractable starch occurred on plots receiving 202 kg N/ha. Starch content ranged from 72.0% to 76.1%. Soil Plant Analysis Development (SPAD) readings increased significantly with nitrogen rate, application method, and population increases. They ranged from a mean of 44.5 at the lowest nitrogen level to 52.2 at the highest nitrogen level. Yield increased from a mean of l0.5 tonnes/ha at the 0 nitrogen level to 11.5 tonnes/ha at the 202 kg N/ha level. Extractable starch had a negative correlation (R2 = -0.76)with protein and a positive correlation (R2 = 0.65) with starch content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-251
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Engineering in Agriculture
Volume21
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

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Keywords

  • Corn
  • Maize
  • Near-infrared
  • Oil
  • Protein
  • Quality
  • Site-specific
  • Spectroscopy
  • Starch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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