Sirtuin 3 relieves inflammatory responses elicited by lipopolysaccharide via the PGC1α-NFκB pathway in bovine mammary epithelial cells

Lei Liu, Baogen Wang, Wei Yang, Qianming Jiang, Juan J. Loor, Lu Ouyang, Huilun Tang, Renxu Chang, Tao Peng, Chuang Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Excessive inflammation in bovine mammary endothelial cells (BMEC) due to mastitis leads to disease progression and eventual culling of cattle. Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3), a mitochondrial deacetylase, downregulates pro-inflammatory cytokines in BMEC exposed to high concentrations of nonesterified fatty acids by blunting nuclear factor-κB (NFκB) signaling. In nonruminants, SIRT3 is under the control of PGC1α, a transcriptional cofactor. Specific aims were to study (1) the effect of SIRT3 on inflammatory responses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged bovine mammary epithelial cells (bovine mammary alveolar cells-T, MAC-T) models, and (2) the role of PGC1α in the attenuation of NFκB signaling via SIRT3. To address these objectives, first, MAC-T cells were incubated in triplicate with 0, 50, 100, 150, or 200 μg/mL LPS (derived from Escherichia coli O55:B5) for 12 h with or without a 2-h incubation of the NFκB inhibitor ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (APDC, 10 μM). Second, SIRT3 was overexpressed using adenoviral expression (Ad-SIRT3) at different multiplicity of infection (MOI) for 6 h followed by a 12 h incubation with 150 μg/mL LPS. Third, cells were treated with the PGC1α agonist ZLN005 (10 μg/mL) for 24 h and then challenged with 150 μg/mL LPS for 12 h. Fourth, cells were initially treated with the PGC1α inhibitor SR-18292 (100 μM) for 6 h followed by a 6-h culture with or without 50 MOI Ad-SIRT3 and a challenge with 150 μg/mL LPS for 12 h. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA with subsequent Bonferroni correction. Linear and quadratic contrasts were used to determine dose-responses to LPS. There were linear and quadratic effects of LPS dosage on cell viability. Incubation with 150 and 200 μg/mL LPS for 12 h decreased cell viability to 78.6 and 34.9%, respectively. Compared with controls, expression of IL1B, IL6, and TNFA was upregulated by 5.2-, 5.9-, and 2.7-fold with 150 μg/mL LPS; concentrations of IL-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in cell medium also increased. Compared with the LPS group, LPS+APDC increased cell viability and reversed the upregulation of IL1B, IL6, and TNFA expression. However, mRNA and protein abundance of SIRT3 decreased linearly with increasing LPS dose. Ad-SIRT3 infection (50 MOI) reduced IL1B, IL6, and TNFA expression and also their concentrations in cell medium, and decreased pNFκB P65/NFκB P65 ratio and nuclear abundance of NFκB P65. The PGC1α agonist increased SIRT3 expression, whereas it decreased cytokine expression, pNFκB P65/NFκB P65 ratio, and prevented NFκB P65 nuclear translocation. Contrary to the agonist, the PGC1α inhibitor had opposite effects, and elevated the concentrations of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in cell medium. Overall, data suggested that SIRT3 activity could attenuate LPS-induced inflammatory responses in mammary cells via alterations in the PGC1α-NFκB pathway. As such, there may be potential benefits for targeting SIRT3 in vivo to help prevent or alleviate negative effects of mastitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1315-1329
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • PGC1α
  • Sirtuin 3
  • dairy cattle
  • nuclear factor-κB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Genetics
  • Animal Science and Zoology


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