Sintering behavior of gehlenite. Part I: Self-forming, macro-/mesoporous gehlenite - Pore-forming mechanism, microstructure, mechanical, and physical properties

Dechang Jia, Dongkyu Kim, Waltraud M. Kriven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel kind of pore self-forming macro-/mesoporous gehlenite (2CaO·Al2O3·SiO2) ceramic (abbreviated C2AS) having a highest porosity of 80% corresponding to a volume expansion of 134% during sintering has been developed. The pore self-forming ability, microstructure, mechanical, and thermal physical properties of the porous ceramic are related to the sintering temperature. The gehlenite ceramic shows a very good pore self-forming ability over a very wide range of temperature from 900° to 1450°C. No vesicant is required and no hydrothermal treatment is needed, as is generally the case for other kinds of porous ceramics or glasses. The pore self-forming ability of the C2AS porous ceramic can be attributed to the escape of the adsorbed water vapor during the sintering process, due to automatic hydration of the fine, amorphous, flakey-shaped starting C2AS powder particles synthesized by the organic steric entrapment (PVA) method, as well as to their fine, porous microstructure. The pores of the ceramics can be either open or closed, and the average pore size ranges from 0.6 to 1.1 μm, corresponding to a porosity of 75%-80%, respectively. The porous ceramic can preserve nanometer-sized (26-50 nm) crystallites up to 1000°C. Sintered or thermally treated under different conditions, the porous ceramics exhibit relatively high flexural strengths ranging from 9.1 to 15.4 MPa, with a standard deviation of 0.3 and 4.2 MPa, respectively. Thermal properties of the porous ceramic up to 1000°C, including thermal expansion coefficient, thermal diffusivity, specific heat, and thermal conductivity, were investigated, and the stability of the porous ceramic in boiling water was also studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1760-1773
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sintering behavior of gehlenite. Part I: Self-forming, macro-/mesoporous gehlenite - Pore-forming mechanism, microstructure, mechanical, and physical properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this