Single-stranded DNA 'blue' t7 promoter plasmids: A versatile tandem promoter system for cloning and protein engineering

David A. Mead, Elzbieta Szczesna-Skorupa, Byron Kemper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Chimeric phage-plasmid expression vectors were constructed from pUC18/19 plasmids by cloning a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) origin of replication from bacteriophage f1 and inserting a bacteriophage T7 promoter within the β-galactosidase gene. A T7 promoter permits in vivo or in vitro expression of single proteins by the translation of T7 RNA polymerase transcripts. Insertionsl inactivation of the T7 promoter-containing β-galactosidase gene permits a simple blue-to-white color cloning assay. Compared with several helper phages that were examined, superinfection with M13K07 resulted in the highest yields of the pTZ plasmids as ssDNA viral particles. These ssDNA promoter plasmids are uniquely suited for protein engineering because they simplify cloning, oligonucleotide directed mutagenesis, verification by enzymatic sequence analysis, and expression of mutant proteins from a single vector. These vectors were utilized to eliminate an efficient transcriptional terminator of T7 RNA polymerase in the cDNA of bovine prepropara thyroid hormone by oligonucleotide directed mutagenesis. The mutation changed the codon for phenylalanine-19 in the signal peptide to alanine. In a cell-free system the mutant cDNA transcripts were translated into preproparathyroid hormone, which was converted to proparathyroid hormone in the presence of microsonmi membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-74
Number of pages8
JournalProtein Engineering, Design and Selection
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 1986


  • Helper phage
  • In vitro expression
  • Membrane translocation
  • Oligonucleotide mutagenesis
  • Transcription termination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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