Single-crystal elasticity of iron-bearing majorite to 26 GPa: Implications for seismic velocity structure of the mantle transition zone

Motohiko Murakami, Stanislav V. Sinogeikin, Konstantin Litasov, Eiji Ohtani, Jay D Bass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Single-crystal elastic moduli of synthetic iron-bearing majoritic garnet were measured using Brillouin spectroscopy up to a pressure of 26 GPa. We found that the iron-bearing majoritic garnet (Mg0.79Fe0.08Al0.30Si0.84O3) remains elastically isotropic throughout the pressure range of this study. The shear and adiabatic bulk moduli and their pressure derivatives at zero pressure were determined to be μ0 = 88.7(7) GPa, KS0 = 166(2) GPa, (∂μ / ∂P)0 = 1.28(8), (∂K / ∂P)0 = 4.2(2). These values are almost indistinguishable, within the experimental uncertainties, from those obtained in previous studies of pure MgSiO3 majorite and other solid solutions of the majorite-pyrope join. Our direct acoustic velocity measurements of iron-bearing majorite indicate that the incorporation of iron into majoritic garnet does not drastically affect its elastic moduli and their pressure derivatives. The measured pressure derivatives of iron-bearing majorite are about 3.6 times lower than required to account for the high seismic velocity gradients observed in the mantle transition zone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-345
Number of pages7
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume274
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2008

Fingerprint

Bearings (structural)
majorite
velocity structure
transition zone
elasticity
Elasticity
Earth mantle
Iron
elastic properties
Single crystals
crystal
mantle
iron
single crystals
Garnets
garnets
garnet
Elastic moduli
elastic modulus
Derivatives

Keywords

  • elasticity
  • high pressure
  • majorite
  • mantle transition zone
  • seismic velocity structure
  • sound velocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Single-crystal elasticity of iron-bearing majorite to 26 GPa : Implications for seismic velocity structure of the mantle transition zone. / Murakami, Motohiko; Sinogeikin, Stanislav V.; Litasov, Konstantin; Ohtani, Eiji; Bass, Jay D.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 274, No. 3-4, 15.10.2008, p. 339-345.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Murakami, Motohiko ; Sinogeikin, Stanislav V. ; Litasov, Konstantin ; Ohtani, Eiji ; Bass, Jay D. / Single-crystal elasticity of iron-bearing majorite to 26 GPa : Implications for seismic velocity structure of the mantle transition zone. In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2008 ; Vol. 274, No. 3-4. pp. 339-345.
@article{c8d10ecd97d74757914ec129064344a5,
title = "Single-crystal elasticity of iron-bearing majorite to 26 GPa: Implications for seismic velocity structure of the mantle transition zone",
abstract = "Single-crystal elastic moduli of synthetic iron-bearing majoritic garnet were measured using Brillouin spectroscopy up to a pressure of 26 GPa. We found that the iron-bearing majoritic garnet (Mg0.79Fe0.08Al0.30Si0.84O3) remains elastically isotropic throughout the pressure range of this study. The shear and adiabatic bulk moduli and their pressure derivatives at zero pressure were determined to be μ0 = 88.7(7) GPa, KS0 = 166(2) GPa, (∂μ / ∂P)0 = 1.28(8), (∂K / ∂P)0 = 4.2(2). These values are almost indistinguishable, within the experimental uncertainties, from those obtained in previous studies of pure MgSiO3 majorite and other solid solutions of the majorite-pyrope join. Our direct acoustic velocity measurements of iron-bearing majorite indicate that the incorporation of iron into majoritic garnet does not drastically affect its elastic moduli and their pressure derivatives. The measured pressure derivatives of iron-bearing majorite are about 3.6 times lower than required to account for the high seismic velocity gradients observed in the mantle transition zone.",
keywords = "elasticity, high pressure, majorite, mantle transition zone, seismic velocity structure, sound velocity",
author = "Motohiko Murakami and Sinogeikin, {Stanislav V.} and Konstantin Litasov and Eiji Ohtani and Bass, {Jay D}",
year = "2008",
month = "10",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.045",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "274",
pages = "339--345",
journal = "Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters",
issn = "0012-821X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Single-crystal elasticity of iron-bearing majorite to 26 GPa

T2 - Implications for seismic velocity structure of the mantle transition zone

AU - Murakami, Motohiko

AU - Sinogeikin, Stanislav V.

AU - Litasov, Konstantin

AU - Ohtani, Eiji

AU - Bass, Jay D

PY - 2008/10/15

Y1 - 2008/10/15

N2 - Single-crystal elastic moduli of synthetic iron-bearing majoritic garnet were measured using Brillouin spectroscopy up to a pressure of 26 GPa. We found that the iron-bearing majoritic garnet (Mg0.79Fe0.08Al0.30Si0.84O3) remains elastically isotropic throughout the pressure range of this study. The shear and adiabatic bulk moduli and their pressure derivatives at zero pressure were determined to be μ0 = 88.7(7) GPa, KS0 = 166(2) GPa, (∂μ / ∂P)0 = 1.28(8), (∂K / ∂P)0 = 4.2(2). These values are almost indistinguishable, within the experimental uncertainties, from those obtained in previous studies of pure MgSiO3 majorite and other solid solutions of the majorite-pyrope join. Our direct acoustic velocity measurements of iron-bearing majorite indicate that the incorporation of iron into majoritic garnet does not drastically affect its elastic moduli and their pressure derivatives. The measured pressure derivatives of iron-bearing majorite are about 3.6 times lower than required to account for the high seismic velocity gradients observed in the mantle transition zone.

AB - Single-crystal elastic moduli of synthetic iron-bearing majoritic garnet were measured using Brillouin spectroscopy up to a pressure of 26 GPa. We found that the iron-bearing majoritic garnet (Mg0.79Fe0.08Al0.30Si0.84O3) remains elastically isotropic throughout the pressure range of this study. The shear and adiabatic bulk moduli and their pressure derivatives at zero pressure were determined to be μ0 = 88.7(7) GPa, KS0 = 166(2) GPa, (∂μ / ∂P)0 = 1.28(8), (∂K / ∂P)0 = 4.2(2). These values are almost indistinguishable, within the experimental uncertainties, from those obtained in previous studies of pure MgSiO3 majorite and other solid solutions of the majorite-pyrope join. Our direct acoustic velocity measurements of iron-bearing majorite indicate that the incorporation of iron into majoritic garnet does not drastically affect its elastic moduli and their pressure derivatives. The measured pressure derivatives of iron-bearing majorite are about 3.6 times lower than required to account for the high seismic velocity gradients observed in the mantle transition zone.

KW - elasticity

KW - high pressure

KW - majorite

KW - mantle transition zone

KW - seismic velocity structure

KW - sound velocity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=52749083571&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=52749083571&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.045

DO - 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.045

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:52749083571

VL - 274

SP - 339

EP - 345

JO - Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters

JF - Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters

SN - 0012-821X

IS - 3-4

ER -