Single cell gel electrophoresis analysis of genomic damage induced by ethyl methanesulfonate in cultured tobacco cells

Diana A. Stavreva, Ondřej Ptáček, Michael J. Plewa, Tomáš Gichner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A procedure for employing cultured tobacco cells (line TX1) in the SCGE assay was developed. The effect on DNA migration was studied in control and EMS-treated cells at different stages in their growth curve. The experimental parameters of treatment time and the unwinding time were analyzed in TX1 cells. With EMS in a concentration range from 0 to 30 mM the average median (±S.E.) tail moments ranged from 1.84±0.36 μm for the negative controls and increased in a direct concentration dependent manner to 44.47±1.90 for cells treated with 30 mM EMS. Nuclei isolated from TX1 cells and treated with EMS had a similar sensitivity as TX1 cells after EMS treatment. The plant cells express similar concentration-response curves for EMS as reported with mammalian (CHO) cells. This plant cell SCGE assay may prove to be a useful tool for the study of agricultural chemicals in specific plant cell types, to compare the response of mutagens in plant and animal cells and for basic research in genetic toxicology and DNA repair in plants. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-330
Number of pages8
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume422
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 1998

Keywords

  • Chinese hamster ovary cell
  • Comet assay
  • Nicotiana tabacum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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