Abstract

The diversification of parasite groups often occurs at the same time as the diversification of their hosts. However, most studies demonstrating this concordance only examine single host–parasite groups. Multiple diverse lineages of ectoparasitic lice occur across both birds and mammals. Here, we describe the evolutionary history of lice based on analyses of 1107 single-copy orthologous genes from sequenced genomes of 46 species of lice. We identify three major diverse groups of lice: one exclusively on mammals, one almost exclusively on birds and one on both birds and mammals. Each of these groups radiated just after the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary, the time of the mass extinction event of the dinosaurs and rapid diversification of most of the modern lineages of birds and mammals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20180141
JournalBiology Letters
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Phthiraptera
lice
Birds
Mammals
mammals
Radiation
birds
Biological Extinction
Dinosaurs
Parasites
extinction
History
Genome
parasites
history
genome
Genes
genes

Keywords

  • Coevolution
  • Host–parasite interactions
  • Phthiraptera
  • Phylogenomics
  • Systematics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Simultaneous radiation of bird and mammal lice following the K-Pg boundary. / Johnson, Kevin Paul; Nguyen, Nam phuong; Sweet, Andrew D.; Boyd, Bret M.; Warnow, Tandy; Allen, Julie M.

In: Biology Letters, Vol. 14, No. 5, 20180141, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Johnson, Kevin Paul ; Nguyen, Nam phuong ; Sweet, Andrew D. ; Boyd, Bret M. ; Warnow, Tandy ; Allen, Julie M. / Simultaneous radiation of bird and mammal lice following the K-Pg boundary. In: Biology Letters. 2018 ; Vol. 14, No. 5.
@article{38027d3bb8a840e599313f29ec08d5e6,
title = "Simultaneous radiation of bird and mammal lice following the K-Pg boundary",
abstract = "The diversification of parasite groups often occurs at the same time as the diversification of their hosts. However, most studies demonstrating this concordance only examine single host–parasite groups. Multiple diverse lineages of ectoparasitic lice occur across both birds and mammals. Here, we describe the evolutionary history of lice based on analyses of 1107 single-copy orthologous genes from sequenced genomes of 46 species of lice. We identify three major diverse groups of lice: one exclusively on mammals, one almost exclusively on birds and one on both birds and mammals. Each of these groups radiated just after the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary, the time of the mass extinction event of the dinosaurs and rapid diversification of most of the modern lineages of birds and mammals.",
keywords = "Coevolution, Host–parasite interactions, Phthiraptera, Phylogenomics, Systematics",
author = "Johnson, {Kevin Paul} and Nguyen, {Nam phuong} and Sweet, {Andrew D.} and Boyd, {Bret M.} and Tandy Warnow and Allen, {Julie M.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1098/rsbl.2018.0141",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
journal = "Biology Letters",
issn = "1744-9561",
publisher = "Royal Society of London",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Simultaneous radiation of bird and mammal lice following the K-Pg boundary

AU - Johnson, Kevin Paul

AU - Nguyen, Nam phuong

AU - Sweet, Andrew D.

AU - Boyd, Bret M.

AU - Warnow, Tandy

AU - Allen, Julie M.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - The diversification of parasite groups often occurs at the same time as the diversification of their hosts. However, most studies demonstrating this concordance only examine single host–parasite groups. Multiple diverse lineages of ectoparasitic lice occur across both birds and mammals. Here, we describe the evolutionary history of lice based on analyses of 1107 single-copy orthologous genes from sequenced genomes of 46 species of lice. We identify three major diverse groups of lice: one exclusively on mammals, one almost exclusively on birds and one on both birds and mammals. Each of these groups radiated just after the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary, the time of the mass extinction event of the dinosaurs and rapid diversification of most of the modern lineages of birds and mammals.

AB - The diversification of parasite groups often occurs at the same time as the diversification of their hosts. However, most studies demonstrating this concordance only examine single host–parasite groups. Multiple diverse lineages of ectoparasitic lice occur across both birds and mammals. Here, we describe the evolutionary history of lice based on analyses of 1107 single-copy orthologous genes from sequenced genomes of 46 species of lice. We identify three major diverse groups of lice: one exclusively on mammals, one almost exclusively on birds and one on both birds and mammals. Each of these groups radiated just after the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary, the time of the mass extinction event of the dinosaurs and rapid diversification of most of the modern lineages of birds and mammals.

KW - Coevolution

KW - Host–parasite interactions

KW - Phthiraptera

KW - Phylogenomics

KW - Systematics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047375897&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85047375897&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1098/rsbl.2018.0141

DO - 10.1098/rsbl.2018.0141

M3 - Article

C2 - 29794007

AN - SCOPUS:85047375897

VL - 14

JO - Biology Letters

JF - Biology Letters

SN - 1744-9561

IS - 5

M1 - 20180141

ER -