Simultaneous electrical detection of IL-6 and PCT using a microfluidic biochip platform

Jacob Berger, Enrique Valera, Aaron Jankelow, Carlos Garcia, Manik Akhand, John Heredia, Tanmay Ghonge, Cynthia Liu, Victor Font-Bartumeus, Gina Oshana, Justin Tiao, Rashid Bashir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sepsis, a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response, leads the U.S in both mortality rate and cost of treatment. Sepsis treatment protocols currently rely on broad and non-specific parameters like heart and respiration rate, and temperature; however, studies show that biomarkers Interlukin-6 (IL-6) and Procalcitonin (PCT) correlate to sepsis progression and response to treatment. Prior work also suggests that using multi-parameter predictive analytics with biomarkers and clinical information can inform treatment to improve outcome. A point-of-care (POC) platform that provides information for multiple biomarkers can aid in the diagnosis and prognosis of potentially septic patients. Using impedance cytometry, microbead immunoassays, and biotin-streptavidin binding, we report a microfluidic POC system that correlates microbead capture to IL-6 and PCT concentrations. A multiplexed microbead immunoassay is developed and validated for simultaneous detection of both IL-6 and PCT from human plasma samples. Using the POC platform, we quantified plasma samples containing healthy, medium (~103pg/ml) and high (~105pg/ml) IL-6 and PCT concentrations with various levels of significance (P < 0.05-P < 0.00001) and validated the concept of this device as a POC platform for sepsis biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number36
JournalBiomedical microdevices
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • IL-6 and PCT
  • Micro-bead assay
  • Microfluidic electrical impedance
  • Point-of-care diagnostics
  • Protein detection
  • Sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology

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