The interplay between resident water already in the subsurface environment ("old water") and infiltrating water ("new water") is examined. A smoothed particle hydrodynamics technique is used to simulate the interplay between old water and new water in a porous medium over a cycle of drainage of old water and infiltration of new water. The effect of varying the average pore size is investigated via the Bond number. Four parameters (maximal mixing amount, minimal average size of old water pockets, mixing value for which the number of old water pockets decreases, and amount of old water remaining in the system for long times) are found to be independent of the average pore size. However, the rate of change is always higher for larger pores. In particular, some old water remains in the system within stable water pockets even after infiltrating new water reaches steady state.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Water Science and Technology