Simulation of fluid flow inside a continuous slab-casting machine

B. G. Thomas, L. J. Mika, F. M. Najjar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A finite element model has been developed and applied to compute the fluid flow distribution inside the shell in the mold region of a continuous, steel slab-casting machine. The model was produced with the commercial program FIDAP, which allows this nonlinear, highly turbulent problem to be simulated using the K- ε turbulence model. It consists of separate two-dimensional (2-D) models of the nozzle and a section through the mold, facing the broad face. The predicted flow patterns and velocity fields show reasonable agreement with experimental observations and measurements conducted using a transparent plastic water model. The effects of nozzle angle, casting speed, mold width, and turbulence simulation parameters on the flow pattern have been investigated. The overall flow field is relatively insensitive to process parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-400
Number of pages14
JournalMetallurgical Transactions B
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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