Simulation of Anderson localization in two-dimensional ultracold gases for pointlike disorder

W. Morong, B. DeMarco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anderson localization has been observed for a variety of media, including ultracold atomic gases with speckle disorder in one and three dimensions. However, observation of Anderson localization in a two-dimensional geometry for ultracold gases has been elusive. We show that a cause of this difficulty is the relatively high percolation threshold of a speckle potential in two dimensions, resulting in strong classical localization. We propose a realistic pointlike disorder potential that circumvents this percolation limit with localization lengths that are experimentally observable. The percolation threshold is evaluated for experimentally realistic parameters, and a regime of negligible classical trapping is identified. Localization lengths are determined via scaling theory, using both exact scattering cross sections and the Born approximation, and by direct simulation of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation. We show that the Born approximation can underestimate the localization length by four orders of magnitude at low energies, while exact cross sections and scaling theory provide an upper bound. Achievable experimental parameters for observing localization in this system are proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number023625
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 17 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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