Simulating construction operations of precast-concrete parking structures

Liang Y. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Modern construction operations involve many different resources such as labor, equipment, and materials. The interactions among these resources can be realistically modeled and analyzed using discrete-event simulation. During construction planning, it is necessary to model and simulate construction operations and develop a work plan that minimizes idleness, eliminates bottlenecks, increases productivity, and reduces costs. Among the various applications in the construction industry, discrete-event simulation has been successfully used in modeling the construction of precast-concrete parking structures. This paper presents the application of discrete-event simulation to model and analyze the erection process of a precast concrete parking structure. Simulation is conducted by using a graphical discrete-event simulation system named COOPS. Construction equipment, labor, concrete members, erection times, and operating strategy are modeled and simulated to investigate the productivity, resource utilization, and unit costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1004-1008
Number of pages5
JournalWinter Simulation Conference Proceedings
StatePublished - 1995
EventProceedings of the 1995 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC'95 - Arlington, VA, USA
Duration: Dec 3 1995Dec 6 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Chemical Health and Safety
  • Applied Mathematics


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