Simple model of microsegregation during solidification of steels

Young Mok Won, B. G. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A simple analytical model of microsegregation for the solidification of multicomponent steel alloys is presented. This model is based on the Clyne-Kurz model and is extended to take into account the effects of multiple components, a columnar dendrite microstructure, coarsening, and the δ/γ transformation. A new empirical equation to predict secondary dendrite arm spacing as a function of cooling rate and carbon content is presented, based on experimental data measured by several different researchers. The simple microsegregation model is applied to predict phase fractions during solidification, microsegregation of solute elements, and the solidus temperature. The predictions agree well with a range of measured data and the results of a complete finite-difference model. The solidus temperature decreases with either increasing cooling rate or increasing secondary dendrite arm spacing. However, the secondary dendrite arm spacing during solidification decreases with increasing cooling rate. These two opposite effects partly cancel each other, so the solidus temperature does not change much during solidification of a real casting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number152
Pages (from-to)1755-1767
Number of pages13
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Simple model of microsegregation during solidification of steels'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this