Silicon supplementation improves the nutritional and sensory characteristics of lentil seeds obtained from drought-stressed plants

Sajitha Biju, Sigfredo Fuentes, Claudia Gonzalez Viejo, Damir D. Torrico, Sumayya Inayat, Dorin Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lentil is an important nutritionally rich pulse crop in the world. Despite having a prominent role in human health and nutrition, it is very unfortunate that global lentil production is adversely limited by drought stress, causing a huge decline in yield and productivity. Drought stress can also affect the nutritional profile of seeds. Silicon (Si) is an essential element for plants and a general component of the human diet found mainly in plant-based foods. This study investigated the effects of Si on nutritional and sensory properties of seeds obtained from lentil plants grown in an Si-supplied drought-stressed environment. RESULTS: Significant enhancements in the concentration of nutrients (protein, carbohydrate, dietary fibre, Si) and antioxidants (ascorbate, phenol, flavonoids, total antioxidants) were found in seeds. Significant reductions in antinutrients (trypsin inhibitor, phytic acid, tannin) were also recorded. A novel sensory analysis was implemented in this study to evaluate the unconscious and conscious responses of consumers. Biometrics were integrated with a traditional sensory questionnaire to gather consumers responses. Significant positive correlations (R = 0.6–1) were observed between sensory responses and nutritional properties of seeds. Seeds from Si-treated drought-stressed plants showed higher acceptability scores among consumers. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated that Si supplementation can improve the nutritional and sensory properties of seeds. This study offers an innovative approach in sensory analysis coupled with biometrics to accurately assess a consumer's preference towards tested samples. In the future, the results of this study will help in making a predictive model for sensory traits and nutritional components in seeds using machine-learning modelling techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1454-1466
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume101
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antinutrients
  • antioxidants
  • biometrics
  • nutrients
  • sensory analysis
  • tannin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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