This paper presents microcantilevers with integrated heater-thermometers that are engineered to have regions of highly uniform temperature. The cantilevers are fabricated from doped single crystal silicon. Four cantilever designs are considered, where the regions of doping and the cantilever dimensions are selected to achieve the highest temperature uniformity over a region 100 μm × 100 μm at the cantilever free end. The cantilever electrical, thermal, and mechanical properties were characterized using laser vibrometry and Raman spectroscopy. The temperature uniformity achieved is 2-4%, varying slightly over the temperature range 25-200 °C and varying between the cantilever designs. The cantilevers are of size suitable for operation in AFM or as cantilever sensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-167
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 18 2009


  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Cantilever sensor
  • Microcantilever
  • Microhotplate
  • Thermal sensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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