Shortest non-crossing walks in the plane

Jeff Erickson, Amir Nayyeri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Let G be an n-vertex plane graph with non-negative edge weights, and let k terminal pairs be specified on h face boundaries. We present an algorithm to find k non-crossing walks in G of minimum total length that connect all terminal pairs, if any such walks exist, in 2o(h2)n log k time. The computed walks may overlap but may not cross each other or themselves. Our algorithm generalizes a result of Takahashi, Suzuki, and Nishizeki [Algorithmica 1996] for the special case h ≤ 2. We also describe an algorithm for the corresponding geometric problem, where the terminal points lie on the boundary of h polygonal obstacles of total complexity n, again in 2o(h2)n time, generalizing an algorithm of Papadopoulou [Int. J. Comput. Geom. Appl 1999] for the special case h ≤ 2. In both settings, shortest non-crossing walks can have complexity exponential in h. We also describe algorithms to determine in O(n) time whether the terminal pairs can be connected by any non-crossing walks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 22nd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2011
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages297-308
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9780898719932
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Mathematics(all)

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