Short communication: Effect of inhibition of fatty acid synthase on triglyceride accumulation and effect on lipid metabolism genes in goat mammary epithelial cells

J. J. Zhu, J. Luo, Y. T. Sun, H. B. Shi, J. Li, M. Wu, K. Yu, A. B. Haile, J. J. Loor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The role of fatty acid synthase (FASN) on de novo fatty acid synthesis has been well established. In monogastrics, unlike acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase, FASN is primarily controlled at the transcriptional level. However, no data exist on ruminant mammary cells evaluating effects of FASN knockdown on mRNA expression of lipogenic genes. Inhibition of FASN in mammary cells by C75-mediated interference, a synthetic inhibitor of FASN activity, and short hairpin RNA-mediated interference markedly reduced cellular triglyceride content at least in part by decreasing the expression of genes related to triglyceride synthesis (. GPAT, AGPAT6, and DGAT2) and enhancing the expression of lipolysis-related genes (. ATGL and HSL). Consistent with the markedly lower expression of genes related to lipid droplet formation and secretion (. TIP47, ADFP, BTN1A1, and XDH), cellular lipid droplets also were reduced sharply after incubation with C75 or adenovirus-short-hairpin-RNA. The results underscored the essential role of FASN in the overall process of milk-fat formation in goat mammary epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3485-3491
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume98
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Fatty acid synthase
  • Goat mammary epithelial cell
  • Milk fat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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