Shift lifts preserving Ramanujan property

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In a breakthrough work, Marcus et al. [1] recently showed that every d-regular bipartite Ramanujan graph has a 2-lift that is also d-regular bipartite Ramanujan. As a consequence, a straightforward iterative brute-force search algorithm leads to the construction of a d-regular bipartite Ramanujan graph on N vertices in time 2O(dN). Shift k-lifts studied in [2] lead to a natural approach for constructing Ramanujan graphs more efficiently. The number of possible shift k-lifts of a d-regular n-vertex graph is knd/2. Suppose the following holds for k=2Ω(n): There exists a shift k-lift that maintains the Ramanujanproperty of d-regular bipartite graphson n vertices for all n. Then, by performing a similar brute-force algorithm, one would be able to construct an N-vertex bipartite Ramanujan graph in time 2O(dlog2⁡N). Also, if (⋆) holds for all k≥2, then one would obtain an algorithm that runs in poly(Nd) time. In this work, we take a first step towards proving (⋆) by showing the existence of shift k-lifts that preserve the Ramanujan property in d-regular bipartite graphs for k=3 and for k=4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-214
Number of pages16
JournalLinear Algebra and Its Applications
StatePublished - Sep 15 2017


  • Expanders
  • Interlacing
  • Lifts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Geometry and Topology
  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics


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