Shift in a Large River Fish Assemblage: Body-Size and Trophic Structure Dynamics.

Kyle J. Broadway, Mark Pyron, James R. Gammon, Brent A. Murry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

As the intensity and speed of environmental change increase at both local and global scales it is imperative that we gain a better understanding of the ecological implications of community shifts. While there has been substantial progress toward understanding the drivers and subsequent responses of community change (e.g. lake trophic state), the ecological impacts of food web changes are far less understood. We analyzed Wabash River fish assemblage data collected from 1974-2008, to evaluate temporal variation in body-size structure and functional group composition. Two parameters derived from annual community size-spectra were our major response variables: (1) the regression slope is an index of ecological efficiency and predator-prey biomass ratios, and (2) spectral elevation (regression midpoint height) is a proxy for food web capacity. We detected a large assemblage shift, over at least a seven year period, defined by dramatic changes in abundance (measured as catch-per-unit-effort) of the dominant functional feeding groups among two time periods; from an assemblage dominated by planktivore-omnivores to benthic invertivores. There was a concurrent increase in ecological efficiency (slopes increased over time) following the shift associated with an increase in large-bodied low trophic level fish. Food web capacity remained relatively stable with no clear temporal trends. Thus, increased ecological efficiency occurred simultaneous to a compensatory response that shifted biomass among functional feeding groups.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0124954
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalPloS one
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 22 2015

Keywords

  • FISH ecology
  • ARCHAEOLOGICAL assemblages
  • BODY composition of fish
  • SIZE of fishes
  • BODY size
  • CLIMATE change
  • Research Article

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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