Shedding light on a cryptic cavernicole: A second species of Zenkevitchia Birstein (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Typhlogammaridae) discovered via molecular techniques

Dmitry A. Sidorov, Andrey A. Gontcharov, Dmitry M. Palatov, Steven J. Taylor, Alexander A. Semenchenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Abkhazian region, in the southern foothills of the Caucasus Mountain Range, comprises a unique natural environment containing numerous subterranean habitats with relict and endemic lineages of obligate stygofauna. We aimed to assess the molecular phylogenetic relationships of Typhlogammaridae species from Balkan and Transcaucasian caves using the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) in hopes of discovering previously undetected biodiversity. Our results showed molecular divergence within the genus Zenkevitchia Birstein, with two distinct groups located in the karstic regions Gudauta-Sukhumi and Gulripshi, respectively. These data indicated the existence of a new species (sequence divergences between groups of >14.3%) within the hitherto monotypic genus Zenkevitchia and allowed us to estimate the taxonomic relationship between Zenkevitchia admirabilis and Z. yakovi sp. n., based on examined morphological features and molecular phylogenetic relationships. We were unable to detect reliable morphological differences between Z. yakovi sp. n. and Z. admirabilis, highlighting the cryptic nature of the new species and the value of inclusion of molecular data in taxonomic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-55
Number of pages19
JournalSubterranean Biology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Amphipoda
  • Cytochrome c oxidase I
  • Molecular identification
  • Transcaucasia
  • Zenkevitchia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Soil Science
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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