Sexually asymmetric colour-based species discrimination in orangethroat darters

Muchu Zhou, Ellis R. Loew, Rebecca C. Fuller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Female mate preferences, male mate preferences and maleemale competition can all potentially play roles in promoting speciation by sexual selection. The orangethroat darter, Etheostoma spectabile, is a sexually dichromatic fish in which males compete for access to females. We quantified male and female responses to conspecific versus heterospecific fish under normal light, dim light and blue light, the last of which impaired colour perception. We found that behavioural isolation was likely mediated primarily by male behavioural discrimination against heterospecific fish, with females showing no evident mate preferences. Furthermore, male aggression towards conspecific rivals was reduced in blue light, suggesting that the evolution of male coloration may contribute to speciation through maleemale interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-179
Number of pages9
JournalAnimal Behaviour
Volume106
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Behavioural isolation
  • Colour vision
  • Darters
  • Male competition
  • Photoreceptors
  • Sexual selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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