Sex-Specific Differences in Lipoprotein Production and Clearance

Donna M. Conlon, Francine K. Welty, Gissette Reyes-Soffer, Jaume Amengual

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Therapeutic approaches to reduce atherogenic lipid and lipoprotein levels remain the most effective and assessable strategies to prevent and treat cardiovascular disease. The discovery of novel research targets linked to pathways associated with cardiovascular disease development has enhanced our ability to decrease disease burden; however, residual cardiovascular disease risks remain. Advancements in genetics and personalized medicine are essential to understand some of the factors driving residual risk. Biological sex is among the most relevant factors affecting plasma lipid and lipoprotein profiles, playing a pivotal role in the development of cardiovascular disease. This minireview summarizes the most recent preclinical and clinical studies covering the effect of sex on plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels. We highlight the recent advances in the mechanisms regulating hepatic lipoprotein production and clearance as potential drivers of disease presentation. We focus on using sex as a biological variable in studying circulating lipid and lipoprotein levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1617-1625
Number of pages9
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2023


  • apolipoproteins
  • atherosclerosis
  • cardiovascular disease
  • lipoprotein
  • triglycerides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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