Sex Differences of Cerebellum and Cerebrum: Evidence from Graph Convolutional Network

Yang Gao, Yan Tang, Hao Zhang, Yuan Yang, Tingting Dong, Qiaolan Jia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work aims to exploit a novel graph neural network to predict the sex of the brain topological network, and to find the sex differences in the cerebrum and cerebellum. A two-branch multi-scale graph convolutional network (TMGCN) is designed to analyze the sex differences of the brain. Two complementary templates are used to construct cerebrum and cerebellum networks, respectively, followed by a two-branch sub-network with multi-scale filters and a trainable weighted fusion strategy for the final prediction. Finally, a trainable graph topk-pooling layer is utilized in our model to visualize key brain regions relevant to the prediction. The proposed TMGCN achieves a prediction accuracy of 84.48%. In the cerebellum, the bilateral Crus I–II, lobule VI and VIIb, and the posterior vermis (VI–X) are discriminative for this task. As for the cerebrum, the discriminative brain regions consist of the bilateral inferior temporal gyrus, the bilateral fusiform gyrus, the bilateral parahippocampal gyrus, the bilateral cingulate gyrus, the bilateral medial ventral occipital cortex, the bilateral lateral occipital cortex, the bilateral amygdala, and the bilateral hippocampus. This study tackles the sex prediction problem from a more comprehensive view, and may provide the resting-state fMRI evidence for further study of sex differences in the cerebellum and cerebrum. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)532-544
Number of pages13
JournalInterdisciplinary Sciences – Computational Life Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Cerebellum
  • Graph topk-pooling
  • Resting-state fMRI
  • Sex differences
  • Two-branch multi-scale graph convolutional network (TMGCN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Health Informatics


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