Sex and Aggregation-Sex Pheromones of Cerambycid Beetles: Basic Science and Practical Applications

Lawrence M. Hanks, Jocelyn G. Millar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Research since 2004 has shown that the use of volatile attractants and pheromones is widespread in the large beetle family Cerambycidae, with pheromones now identified from more than 100 species, and likely pheromones for many more. The pheromones identified to date from species in the subfamilies Cerambycinae, Spondylidinae, and Lamiinae are all male-produced aggregation-sex pheromones that attract both sexes, whereas all known examples for species in the subfamilies Prioninae and Lepturinae are female-produced sex pheromones that attract only males. Here, we summarize the chemistry of the known pheromones, and the optimal methods for their collection, analysis, and synthesis. Attraction of cerambycids to host plant volatiles, interactions between their pheromones and host plant volatiles, and the implications of pheromone chemistry for invasion biology are discussed. We also describe optimized traps, lures, and operational parameters for practical applications of the pheromones in detection, sampling, and management of cerambycids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)631-654
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Chemical Ecology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016


  • Attractant
  • Detection
  • Host plant volatile
  • Invasive species
  • Semiochemical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry


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