Setting research priorities to achieve long-term national road safety goals in Iran

Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Alireza Razzaghi, Ali Atabak, Shahrzad Bazargani-Hejazi, Shahriar Behzad Basirat, Leila Doshmangir, Salman Ebrahiminejad, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Rahim Farahnak Benekohal, Saiedeh Ghaffarifar, Mina Golestani, Mohammad Hossein Hamidi, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Einollah Jahani, Leila Jahangiry, Ali Imani, Mohammad Mehdi Khabiri, Abolfazl Khishdari, Hamed Marouf, Gholamreza MasoumiAdel Mazloumi, Mohammad Reza Mehmandar, Seyed Abdolreza Mortazavi-Tabatabaei, Khalil Pourebrahim, Nasir Baradaran Rahmanian, Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai, Mahdi Rezaei, Mohammad Saadati, Ehsan Sarbazi, Ezat Samadipour, Mojtaba Sehat, Mehdi Shafieian, Afshin Shariat Mohaymany, Hamid Soori, Saeedeh Sheikhi, Masoud Tabibi, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Ali Tavakoli Kashani, Ibrahim Vahabzadeh, Salah Veisi, Mirbahador Yazdani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Road traffic crashes (RTCs) and its associated injuries are one of the most important public health problems in the world. In Iran, RTCs rank second in terms of mortality. To address this issue, there is a need for research-based interventions. Prioritizing researches using a variety of approaches and frame-works to determine the most effective interventions is a key nodal point in the RTCs’ research policy plan-ning cycle. Thus, this study aims to generate and prioritize research questions in the field of RTCs in Iran. Methods By adapting the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) method, this study en-gaged 25 prominent Iranian academic leaders having role in setting Iran’s long-term road safety goals, a group of research funders, and policymakers. The experts’ proposed research questions were independently scored on a set of criteria: feasibility, impact on health, impact on the economy, capacity building, and equity. Following the prioritization of Research Questions (RQs), they were all classified using the 5 Pillar frameworks. Results In total, 145 Research Questions were systematically scored by experts against five criteria. Iran’s top 20 road traffic safety priorities were established. The RQs related to “road safety management” and “road and infrastructure” achieved a high frequency. Conclusions The top 20 research questions in the area of RTCs in Iran were determined by experts. The majority of these RQs were related to “road safety management”. The results of this study may contribute to the optimal use of resources in achieving long-term goals in the prevention and control of road traffic crashes and its related injuries. Considering these RQs as research investment options will improve the current status of Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) at a national level and further advance toward compliance with international goals. If these research priorities are addressed, and their findings are implemented, we can anticipate a significant reduction in the number of crashes, injuries, and deaths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number09002
JournalJournal of Global Health
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy

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