Sequences far downstream from the classical tRNA promoter elements bind RNA polymerase III transcription factors

Lisa S. Young, David H. Rivier, Karen U. Sprague

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have examined the interaction of transcription factors TFIIIC and TFIIID with a silkworm alanine tRN A gene. Previous functional analysis showed that the promoter for this gene is unusually large compared with the classical tRNA promoter elements (the A and B boxes) and includes sequences downstream from the transcription termination site. The goal of the experiments reported here was to determine which sequences within the full promoter make stable contacts with transcription factors. We show that when TFIIIC and TFIIID are combined, a complex is formed with the tRNAAIAlaC gene. Neither factor alone can form this complex. DNase I digestion of gene-factor complexes reveals that most of the tRNAAlaC promoter is in contact with factors. The protected region extends from -1 to at least +136 and includes both the A and B boxes and the previously identified downstream promoter sequences. Analysis of mutant promoters shows that sequence-specific contacts throughout the protected region are required for binding. The role of 3′flanking sequences in transcription factor binding explains the contribution of these sequences to the tRNAAlaC promoter. We discuss the possibility that such sequences affect promoter strength in other tRNA genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1382-1392
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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