Separation-sensitive collision detection for convex objects

Jeff Erickson, Leonidas J. Guibas, Jorge Stolfi, Li Zhang

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

We develop a class of new kinetic data structures for collision detection between moving convex polytopes; the performance of these structures is sensitive to the separation of the polytopes during their motion. For two convex polygons in the plane, let D be the maximum diameter of the polygons, and let s be the minimum distance between them during their motion. Our separation certificate changes O(log(D/s)) times when the relative motion of the two polygons is a translation along a straight line or convex curve, O(√D/s) for translation along an algebraic trajectory, and O(D/s) for algebraic rigid motion (translation and rotation). Each certificate update is performed in O(log(D/s)) time. Variants of these data structures are also shown that exhibit hysteresis - after a separation certificate fails, the new certificate cannot fail again until the objects have moved by some constant fraction of their current separation. We can then bound the number of events by the combinatorial size of a certain cover of the motion path by balls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages327-336
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1999 10th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms - Baltimore, MD, USA
Duration: Jan 17 1999Jan 19 1999

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1999 10th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms
CityBaltimore, MD, USA
Period1/17/991/19/99

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Mathematics(all)

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