The effect of altering the strain of the test virus used in the standardized pseudorabies virus neutralization (VN) test on the sensitivity of the assay was evaluated. Comparative VN tests were performed using 4 different strains: the avirulent Bartha parental, the avirulent recombinant Bartha gIIIKa, the moderately virulent Shope (currently used for the VN test at the National Veterinary Services Laboratory, Ames, IA), and the highly virulent P2208 (Funkhauser). A radioimmunoassay and a Western immunoblotting technique were employed to verify the presence of anti-pseudorabies virus (PrV) antibodies in sera. Statistical analysis indicated that replacement of the Shope strain by the Bartha gIIIKa or the P2208 strain resulted in VN titers that were 4.23- and 2.00-fold higher, respectively. Despite these differences, specificity with regard to PrV diagnosis was unaltered. This apparent enhancement of the sensitivity of the PrV VN test would be beneficial for the serologic identification of PrV-infected animals during an eradication effort.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc|
|State||Published - Oct 1991|
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