Semiconductor laser device with coupled cavities

Nick Holonyak (Inventor), Fred A Kish (Inventor), Nada El Zein (Inventor)

Research output: Patent


In a form of the disclosure an array of coupled cavities (called minicavities) of a QWH semiconductor laser are defined by a native oxide of an aluminum-bearing III-V semiconductor material and are arranged serially end-to-end along the longitudinal direction. The native oxide confines the injected carriers and optical field within the cavities, resulting in reflection and optical feedback distributed periodically along the laser stripe. Single-longitudinal-mode operation is exhibited over an extended range. In a further form of the disclosure, two linear arrays of end-coupled minicavities are arranged side by side to obtain a two dimensional array, with resultant lateral coupling between the linear arrays. The two dimensional array exhibits mode switching and multiple switching in the light power (L) versus current (I) characteristic (L-I) with increasing current. In another form of the disclosure, a stripe laser is transversely coupled (or side-coupled) with a linear array of end-coupled minicavities. Bistability and switching are demonstrated in the light versus current (L-I) characteristic of a native-oxide-defined structure of this type. The device, with internally coupled elements and the current partitioned among the elements, exhibits a large hysteresis in the L-I curve, with switching from the stimulated to the spontaneous regime occurring over substantial power (light) and current ranges.
Original languageEnglish (US)
U.S. patent number5353295
StatePublished - Oct 4 1994


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