Semi-empirical models of h-mode discharges

C. E. Singer, M. H. Redi, D. A. Boyd, A. J. Cavallo, B. Grek, D. B. Heifetz, R. A. Hülse, D. W. Johnson, W. D. Langer, B. Leblanc, D. R. Mikkelsen, F. G.P. Seidl, A. Eberhagen, O. Gehre, F. Karger, M. Keilhacker, S. Kissel, O. Kluber, D. Meisel, H. D. MurmannH. Niedermeyer, H. Rapp, H. Rohr, A. Stäbler, K. H. Steuer, F. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The H-mode transition can lead to a rapid increase in tokamak plasma confinement. A semi-empirical transport model was derived from global OH and L-mode confinement scalings and then applied to simulation of H-mode discharges. The radial diffusivities in the model depend on local density and pressure gradients and satisfy an appropriate dimensional constraint. Examples are shown of the application of this model and of similar models to the detailed simulation of two discharges which exhibit an H-mode transition. The models reproduce essential features of plasma confinement in the Ohmic heating and the low- and high-confinement phases of these discharges. In particular, the evolution of plasma energy content through the H-mode transition can be reproduced without any sudden or ad hoc modification of the plasma transport formulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1555-1573
Number of pages19
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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