Self‐Efficacy, Perceptions of Success, and Intrinsic Motivation for Exercise

Edward McAuley, Susan Wraith, Terry E. Duncan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A number of investigators have attempted to identify the determinants of continued participation in exercise regimens. Within a social cognitive framework, the present study examined the relationships among self‐efficacy cognitions, perceptions of success, and multidimensional intrinsic motivation in the exercise domain. Multivariate analyses of variance indicated that highly efficacious individuals were more intrinsically motivated toward aerobic dance than were their less efficacious counterparts. However, multiple regression analyses revealed both perceptions of success and self‐efficacy to account for significant variance in intrinsic motivation at both the composite and dimensional levels. Moreover, perceptions of success were considerably stronger predictors than were efficacy cognitions. The results are discussed in terms of the need for multiple measures of perceived success, the employment of longitudinal designs to determine the direction of causality among these variables, and possible implications for adherence issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-155
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Self‐Efficacy, Perceptions of Success, and Intrinsic Motivation for Exercise'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this