Self-rated health as a predictor of cognition among middle-aged and older Latinos

Susan Aguiñaga, Jacqueline Guzman, Yuliana Soto, David X. Marquez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Self-rated health (SRH) has been used to predict cognitive decline in various populations; however, this relationship has not been examined in Latinos. This study examines the relationship between SRH and cognition among middle-aged and older Latinos. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among Latinos (n = 425, Mage = 64.13 ± 7.65, 82% female). Participants rated their health as poor/fair, good, and excellent and completed cognitive performance tests. Analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) examined differences in cognition between SRH categories. ANCOVAs showed significant differences in SRH categories for working memory (F [2, 357] = 3.63, p = .028) and global cognition (F [2, 348] = 3.074, p = .047), such that those who self-rated their health as good had better scores compared to participants in the poor/fair category. Findings show that SRH is associated with cognition among middle-aged and older Latinos. SRH may serve as an indicator of early signs of cognitive decline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • aging
  • cognitive function
  • hispanics
  • Racial disparities
  • self-rated health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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