Selective mechanism of action of dietary peptides from common bean on HCT116 human colorectal cancer cells through loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and DNA damage

Diego A. Luna-Vital, Elvira González de Mejía, Guadalupe Loarca-Piña

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The inhibitory effect of pure peptides from common bean on human colorectal cancer cells, their ability to enhance oxaliplatin effects, and mechanisms of action were evaluated. Peptides GLTSK, LSGNK, GEGSGA, MTEEY, and MPACGSS were tested for cytotoxic effects on HCT116 and CCD-33Co human normal colon cells; no peptide was toxic to normal cells. GLTSK (IC50 = 134.6 μM) and GEGSGA (IC50 = 156.7 μM) exerted anti-proliferative effects on HCT116 cells; LSGNK, MTEEY, and MPACGSS were less potent. GLTSK (γ = 0.64) and GEGSGA (γ = 0.78) interacted synergistically with oxaliplatin inhibiting HCT116 cells. GLTSK caused loss of mitochondrial potential (δψm) (15.8%) and increased intracellular ROS (12.1-fold) suggesting mitochondrial membrane disruption. GEGSGA caused arrest in G1 phase (63.6% of cell population) and promoted cleavage of PARP (183.7%) suggesting DNA damage. GEGSGA and oxaliplatin caused activation and nuclear translocation of p53. Thus, peptides from common beans selectively induced apoptosis through loss of δψm and DNA damage on human colorectal cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-39
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Functional Foods
Volume23
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Keywords

  • Bioactive peptides
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Common bean
  • Oxaliplatin
  • Synergistic interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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